女性生殖器官

概观


估计有6800万个女孩在2030年保护他们将采取显著推动加快ESTA有害做法遗弃被肢解的危险。

促进FGM的遗弃,协调,都需要系统的努力,并必须参与整个社区他们注重人权和性别平等和。他们必须解决妇女和女童的性与现状生殖健康需求谁从STI后果受苦。

bet356体育在线,会同联合国儿童基金会引线联合项目上FGM,最大的全球计划,以加快ESTA有害实践的放弃。专注于该计划目前有17个国家的俱乐部,同时还支持区域和全球倡议。

什么是FGM?

是指MGF 所有的程序 全部或部分切除累及女性外生殖器或其他伤害的非医疗原因的女性生殖器官。这是一个根深蒂固的社会,在许多地方的文化规范。

实践中可引起短期和长期的健康并发症,包括慢性疼痛,感染,艾滋病病毒传播,抑郁和焦虑,分娩并发症,不孕不育的风险增加,在最坏的情况下,死亡。它是国际上公认的极端侵犯妇女和女童的权利。

FGM violates human rights principles and standards – including the principles of equality and non-discrimination on the basis of sex, the right to freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment, the right to the highest attainable standard of health, the rights of the child, and the right to physical and mental integrity, and even the right to life.

2012年,联合国大会一致通过有史以来第一次通过了一项禁止女性割礼的决议,呼吁加强全球努力消除这一做法。在2015年,被列入MGF 可持续发展目标 根据目标5.3,其中要求消除所有有害做法。


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FGM仍然实行为什么?

In every society where it is practiced, FGM is a manifestation of deeply entrenched gender inequality. It persists for many reasons. In some societies, for example, it is considered a rite of passage. In others, it is seen as a prerequisite for marriage. In some communities – whether Christian, Jewish, Muslim – the practice may even be attributed to religious beliefs.